Chogan has been popular among the kings and Iranian grandee in the past and its name as an aristocratic sport is derived from that. Chogan, known also as polo, is a sporting team game with horses and a version of the modern polo game.  It was inscribed on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 2017. For the first time, Chogan was played during Achaemenians in Iran. As Achaemenians extended their borders to far and vast geographical spots, this ancient Iranian game found its way to other countries too. Chogan as one of the amusing activities between kings, rulers and wealthy people.


Kar Namag Ardashir Pabakan, is a middle Persian prose tale written in Sassanid Era. It narrates the story of Ardeshir I, the founder of this dynasty. It’s the first written document that mentions Chogan as an Iranian game. The theme of Chogan has been used widely in different areas of art and literature. For example, it’s been mentioned in the poems of Ferdowsi, Rudaki, Nezami, Sa’di, Hafez, and other great Persian poets. It has been also the theme in many valuable Persian miniatures and the designs on the potteries.


Chogan was played differently back then. Horse riding was more of a military and warfare practice. Therefore, this entertainment included horses’ military style marching and riding war horses. As the time went by, Chogan changed to the present day style. Polo firstly just had a recreational function in order to show the Iranian military horses talent. Chogan is a strategic game that requires physical readiness and skill for both riders and horses, just like a miniature battle. In the past, it was a play where the Persian riders exhibited their skills in riding, fighting, and playing as well as the fighting skills, speed, and agility of their horses. The horses of Chogan are called polo ponies. Since horse riding was a military practice in the past, Persians believed the horse that can do well in Chogan, can do well in the war too.


Today, in Chogan, ponies are full sized horses used for this traditional Iranian game. In Persian, they are referred to simply as Chogan horses. They should be equipped with safety gears to be ready for the races. They are supposed to have special leg wraps to be protected against the mallets. The line attached to the curb bit must be adjusted in a comfortable and free, so that ponies can be easily levered.

Top 10 of Traditional Cuisine in IRAN (Part 2)

In the first part, we introduced 5 of the most famous traditional dishes in Iran. Here are five other famous traditional dishes.


6. Khoresh Gheimeh

Khoresh Gheimeh is a beef and split pea stew made with dried limes and cooked in a tomato base, usually served with fried potatoes on the top.

7. Zereshk Polo Morgh

Zereshk Polo Morgh is one of the prettiest Iranian dishes wich the most widely used in all kind of parties. Zereshk Polo Morgh is a rice dish usually made with saffron and barberries alongside a chicken and tomato stew.

8. Bademjan (Eggplant and Tomato Stew)

Eggplant is one of the most popular Iranian cuisines that is used in many foods. Eggplant stew is one of the most delicious foods that are cooked with eggplant.

It is eaten usually with white rice and saffron.

9. Baghali Polo

Baghali Polo is made with saffron, fava beans and green dill, and is usually served with lamb. Baghali Polo with lamb is one of the most stylish and delicious Iranian foods.

10. Tahchin

Tahchin is a pretty and delicious Persian food that is prepared with chicken, meet, eggplant and so on but the chicken Tahchin is more popular.

Top 10 of Traditional Cuisine in IRAN (Part 1)

Persia’s geography, history and cultural influences have shaped the diversity of ingredients and the methods of cooking in one of the world’s oldest and most sophisticated cultures.

We plan to introduce top 10 of traditional cuisines in Iran


1. Chelo Kabab

Chelo Kabab is undoubtedly the most famous Iranian cuisine, and many people know Iranian cuisine with Chelo Kabab. All kinds of Kababs, especially Koobideh, are very popular among Iranians and tourists.

Chelo Kabab are usually served with tomatoes, grilled peppers, saffron rice and fresh vegetables.

2. Ghormeh Sabzi

Ghormeh Sabzi is one of the most popular Iranian cuisines, Ghormeh Sabzi stew are prepared with a lot of aromatic vegetables, onions, red beans and mutton or veal or lamb.

3. Dizi

Dizi, also called the Abgoosht, is one of the most authentic Iranian cuisines. For preparing Dizi, it is used mutton, beans and potatoes. Dizi is usually eaten with bread, vegetables and onion.

4. Fesenjan

Fesenjan is a stylish and delicious Iranian stew which is prepared by walnut, Pomegranate paste and meat or chicken.

5. Ash Reshte

Soup dish (Ash Reshte) is one of the popular Iranian traditional dishes which is generally served in the winter. This soup is made from chickpeas, beans, noodles and plenty of herbs.