Zargar Village

Zargar in a village located not so far from Tehran which its residents have the looks of both Aryans and the Vikings. These villagers are Shiite Muslims who either work on farms or breed livestock.

What distinguishes them from other Iranians is that their mother tongue is Romani, also known as Zargari by locals.

The elderly people remember an old man living in their village in the past who kept a record of his accounts in Russian.

But after he passed away, Russian slipped into oblivion, and now villagers speak Romani and write in Latin. The origin of their language is more like a myth.

These villagers themselves do not know to which part of the world they originally belong, what has brought them to Iran or how they have ended up being Shiite farmers speaking a different language in the heart of Farsi-speaking Iran.

One narrative says that Roma people moved to Iran centuries ago from the north.

Another suggests that they were originally Iranian and were recruited as soldiers for Shah Abbas’ Qizilbash army because of their bravery.

Still another says some 200 Roma were captured during a war between Iran and the Roman Empire and were pardoned by the Persian king.

Later they took up residence in an area in the vicinity of what is Qazvin today.

Zargar Village

Zargar Village

The people of Zargar are renowned for their faithfulness; they do not divorce or betray.

The woman whose husband dies will never remarry, and the man who has a wife will never look for another woman.

And if anyone does wrong, s/he will be rejected from the village; meaning that although the person is physically living in the village, no one will pay attention to him or her.

This is the tradition of Zargari people as they are intolerant of those who slip.

Although legends attribute them to distant lands and relate them to parts of Europe, the people nonetheless love Iran and call themselves Iranians. Their culture somehow looks like Europeans.

Zargar people believe that having external walls around their yard is impolite for others and there are no specific boundaries constructed around.

Zargar Village

Zargar Village

Soltaniyeh Dome

The Dome of Soltaniyeh is the biggest brick dome in the world and the Mausoleum of Ilkhan Oljaytu.

The structure is a very exquisite mosque which is well-known in the world from the viewpoint of architecture, interior design and space.

The mausoleum of Oljaytu was constructed in 1302–12. Situated in the province of Zanjan, Soltaniyeh is one of the outstanding examples of the achievements of Persian architecture and a key monument in the development of its Islamic architecture.

It is an octagonal building, each side of which is almost 80 meters. The Soltaniyeh Dome is built in the Arg city or old fortification of Soltaniyeh, the capital of Oljaytu, an Ilkhan ruler.

The very large 50-m-high dome is the earliest extant example of its type, and became an important reference for the later development of the Islamic dome.

Similarly, the extremely rich interior of the mausoleum, which includes glazed tiles, brickwork, marquetry or designs in inlaid materials, stucco, and frescoes, illustrates an important movement towards more elaborate materials and themes.

The Dome of Soltaniyeh

Soltaniyeh Dome

The Mausoleum of Oljaytu thus speaks eloquently to the Ilkhanid period, which was characterized by innovations in structural engineering, spatial proportions, architectural forms, and decorative patterns and techniques.

The structure is the oldest double-shell dome in Iran. The dome is blue and is covered in turquoise blue faience. The inside roofs of the rooms are decorated with colored bricks and plasterwork.

There is a tall dome on each sides of the building which are about 120 meters each. On the upper part of the building, pavilions and rooms have been constructed.

On the sides of the ceiling, Quranic verses and names of God have been written in beautiful manifest handwriting, which is both a symbol of Iranian art and also a sign of the submission of Iranians to the last divine religion.

The dome, which is the largest in the world after Santa Maria and Hagia Sophia, has three sections of the main entrance, mausoleum and crypt.

The decoration and structure of the mausoleum is in fact a turning point in the architecture of that era, creating a new style in architecture distinct from that of the Seljuk era.

Some historians have recorded that Sultan Mohammad Khodabandeh built the great structure and dome to transfer the remains of the household of the Prophet, that is Imam Ali and Imam Hussein from their mausoleums to that place. However, he gave up the idea after a dream he had.

The Dome of Soltaniyeh

Soltaniyeh Dome

Garmsar Salt Mines

Salt and tourism hub of salt Iran Semnan province can be called dome and several salt mines in the province could be one of the most important phenomena geomorphological and geological attractions convert. Salt mines between Eyvanaki and Garmsar, resulting from the activities of Qom salt dome. Visit the mines in the control area with basic room and will be picked up. This style of rainwater harvesting to prevent mine. Stand tall ceilings and huge salt mines and in front of the illusion is astonishing.

معادن نمک گرمسار - Garmsar Salt Mines

Salar salt mine is located in Garmsar, a city in Semnan province. It sits in a unique geographical location, between Firouzkuh and Damavand in the north, Semnan in the east, Qom and the Salt Desert in the south, and Varamin in the west. On the other hand, one of the most interesting mines is the ancient Kuhdasht salt mine and due to the extraction of salt, a tunnel or cave is formed with a length of 1.5 kilometers. A low, arid, red-brown ridge scalloped into corrugated hills follows the Garmsar–Qom Hwy south. The outer form of this mine is in the form of a mountain that by the extraction of salt from this mine, a handmade cave has been created. There are dark colored salt stones at the entrance to the cave, and as we move forward, the colors of the rocks become lighter and lighter. Many salt droplets like sharp spears hang from the ceiling of the cave. A vibrant, colorful corridor extends 1.5 kilometers across the salt mine. In the part of Kuhdasht-e Kohan Salt Mine in Garmsar, a green lake has been created by rain, which shines as a jewel and enchants you. In this cave, the salt columns with height of 12 meters add to the beauty of this natural attraction. Salt rock has many therapeutic properties that can be useful in treating some physical and mental illnesses.

معادن نمک گرمسار - Garmsar Salt Mines