Lut Desert (Dasht-e Lut)

Desert areas constitute about a quarter of Iran. The Lut desert is a desert in southeastern Iran with a length of about 900 km and a width of 300 km. The world’s tallest sand pyramid is located in this plain.

In this vast plain, traces of human habitation from the fourth millennium BC have been observed. There have been huge earthquakes in this plain in the past time.

The plain of Lut has many spectacular views in its heart. Every year, countless desert enthusiasts are eager to see these wonders in the plain of Lut. Wide sand and gravel areas with bright brown to light gray and black, wavy sandy areas, multiple polygonal zones, are some of the beauties of Lut Desert.

According to some geologists, the desert has been a shallow sea called “Tis” in the past, which has dried over time due to the warmth of the air. During 2004 to 2009, this region was recognized as the warmest surface of the Earth.

The largest population of the Lut plain has settled in the Shahdad (in the past called “Khibiz”). One of the few vegetation coverings in this area is the Gaz Shrubs located 20 km from Shahdad.

Climate of IRAN

Iran is a high plateau by the latitude of twenty five to forty degrees and it is located in the northern hemisphere. The desert and semi-desert areas occupy more than half of the country’s land. About a third of Iran is also mountainous and a small part of Iran (including the southern plain of the Caspian Sea and the Khuzestan plain) is composed of fertile plains. Iran has a high climatic diversity. Iran is considered as a dry and semiarid climate in terms of precipitation.

Different climates of Iran

1. Moderate and humid climate

South coasts of Caspian Sea with moderate weather and abundant rainfall, is part of the moderate regions of the country.

Features of moderate and humid climate:

  • Rain in most seasons
  • High humidity
  • High vegetation and forest growth

2. Hot and dry climate

A significant portion of Iran’s area has hot and dry climate. Features of hot and dry climate:

  • The dry winds of these areas are very annoying
  • The desert sky is smooth and no clouds during most of the year
  • Low rainfall
  • Fog and storm occur very much
  • Lack of vegetation
  • High temperature difference between night and day
  • Cold and hard winters and hot and dry summers

3. Cold and mountainous climate

Alborz and Zagros Mountains and the western mountains of the country are part of this climate category. Features of cold and mountainous climate:

  • Extreme cold in winter
  • Moderate weather in summer
  • High snowfall
  • Too dry air

4. Hot and humid climate

This climate is along a narrow, relatively long coastal strip which is more than two thousand kilometers in length that begins from Arvand River in the southwest of Khuzestan province and ends in the Ghetto Bay in the southeast of Sistan and Baluchestan province. Features of hot and humid climate:

  • Intense heat
  • High humidity
  • Low rainfall
  • Moderate weather in winter
  • Low temperature difference between night and day